How to Care for Confederate Jasmine

Confederate Jasmine close up

Trachelospermum jasminoides, commonly known as Confederate Jasmine or Star Jasmine (because of its star-looking flowers), is a flowering plant. When you first heard the name, it’s possible that you assumed the Confederate Jasmine plant belonged to the Jasmine family. In actuality, however, Confederate Jasmine is not a true Jasmine. We’ve put together a thorough guide that covers all you need to know about this remarkable plant, including how to take care of it.

What is Confederate Jasmine

Confederate Jasmines are evergreen,  woody perennials grown in containers or as vines and shrubs. This plant has lush green foliage all year long and white, fragrant blooms in the spring, but its foliage turns rusty bronze in winter. Given their low maintenance requirements, these flowering vines can give your landscape a lot of charm as well as a pleasing sight and smell that is hard to match.

Classification

The scientific name for Confederate Jasmine is Trachelospermum, and it is a member of the Apocynaceae family.

Appearance and Characteristics

The Confederate Jasmine’s blossoms significantly improve the appearance of any place it grows, including gardens. The flowers come in vibrant and catchy white, yellowish, and gold shades. Occurring in a cyme inflorescence pattern, the flowers can be either tubular or in a starry shape. Aside from its lovely appearance, this plant’s blossoms have a wonderful fragrance, which adds to its appeal.

A Confederate jasmine is a great choice if you want your garden to have a more romantic scent. These flowers bloom in the late spring,  giving off a strong, pleasing scent. The broad, luxuriant lavender or lush green leaves are around 3 to 6 inches long when viewed from the side.

Quick Summary

  • Plant type: vine
  • Growth rate: 3-6 feet a year
  • Height:  8-20 feet
  • Flower color: white/gold, lavender
  • Width: up to 20 feet

How to care for Confederate Jasmine

Normally, people pick Confederate Jasmine as a ground or wall cover. They also don’t require a lot of maintenance. Here are some simple tips you should know about caring for Confederate Jasmines:

Sunlight

Confederates have a drawback when it comes to sunlight requirements. So, for your Confederate Jasmine to flourish and grow, choose a location that gets direct sunlight. Still, partial sunshine (direct sunlight only for a portion of the day, say 2 to 6 hours) will work just as well.

The locations that you might choose from include your garden or a container with a good drainage system. Be sure to consider your surroundings before purchasing this plant.

Watering 

Confederates are drought-tolerant plants. They do not react very harshly when they are not watered frequently. However, make sure they are watered enough to be healthy and lively. A good rule of thumb for watering confederates is to water them only when the top one to two inches of soil are dry and to cease watering once the top five to six inches of soil are damp. As a plant with a moderate water requirement, you should typically water them every 10 to 21 days. Go up to twice a week if the summer is hot and your confederate is exposed to scorching heat.

Another thing to keep in mind when watering Confederate Jasmine is that the type that grows on the ground and the type that grows in a container will require different watering schedules. So, do not forget to take into account the environment in which your plant is growing.

If growing directly on the ground, Confederate Jasmine must be watered deeply after 10 to 21 days for survival and growth. Stick your finger in the soil to check its moisture levels. If your finger has dirt on it, the soil is moist. Potted confederates might need more water than usual. Water the confederate in the container when the top layer is moisture-deprived, and keep watering until the water starts seeping out of the drainage hole.

Humidity and Temperature 

Even though these plants love full sunlight, placing them in burning heat for a long time in the hottest months can be your biggest blunder. Confederates can’t withstand extremely high temperatures. As such, in soaring high summer temperatures, opt for partial sunlight exposure or use a curtain or a sheet to protect against overexposure to the heat. The excess heat can strip off the natural moisture from the plant leading to the plant’s death.

In winter, they can survive up to -12 degrees Celsius . A noticeable change at 0 degrees celsius is that the leaves start to lose the lush green color and convert to a  less appealing brownish or bronze shade. Aside from losing their color, the leaves become rusty and ultimately fall off. Let us talk about the ideal temperature range for a healthy confederate.

The average Confederate will bloom best at temperatures between 18 and 21 degrees Celsius.

Cleaning

Luckily, Confederate Jasmines don’t tend to harbor many insects or germs. But the plant can occasionally have issues with sooty molds and mealy bugs. Both conditions weaken and harm the plant. Therefore, for optimum growth, the areas of the plant impacted by these bugs must be eliminated while cleaning the plant.

Fertilizer and soil

Confederate Jasmines can typically adapt to practically any type of soil, making them not particularly finicky about soil types. A choice of slightly acidic, loamy, well-draining soil is best for the growth of confederate plants, according to results from various soil types. Also, ensure that your soil is not too muddy, as muddy soil leads to bacteria growth and roots rotting.

Fertilizing is not necessary for the growth of Confederate Jasmine. But once or twice a year, adding fertilizer can be beneficial. You can tell whether your plant needs fertilizer or not by testing the soil. If your soil does not contain adequate natural organic matter, you might need to add a good fertilizer to compensate for the lack of nutrients. Check the leaves color; yellowing of leaves is generally an indicator of nutrient deficiency. The right time to add the fertilizer is in spring after the plant is done flowering. The important point here is fertilizer must only be added to the mature plant, not the newly potted Confederate Jasmine.

Repotting

Since the Jasmine is a fast grower, repotting is generally a good idea. It is best to plant the confederate in the winter, so it can establish itself until the upcoming summer. Once the summer sets in, repotting can be done. For this purpose, take a new pot which must be twice as big as the size of your confederate. Take out the grown plant sideways from the old pot. Take a look at the roots; loose the tangled ones first. Place it in the new pot.

Growing in the garden

Your garden’s beauty will increase by including Confederate Jasmine in it. Choose a sunny spot and follow the plant’s general care routine to grow your star Jasmine.

How and When to Prune

Star Jasmine’s speedy growth causes new layers to crowd out the old ones. For this reason, pruning is necessary. Prune after your plant is done flowering, so you don’t cut the buds. The first step is to isolate the damaged parts of the plant.  Next, detangle the stems that are no longer involved in flowering. Lastly, cut the ends according to the available space.

Problems with Confederate Jasmine

Overall, the plant is really easy to keep and maintain. However, here are a few problems you might run into while growing the plant:

Space Requirement

The Confederate Jasmine is a fast-growing plant that will fill up small places quickly. Consequently, the roots will get tangled up with nearby plants if no proper space is allocated. This will make your garden look unorganized.

Rare Diseases

Rare diseases such as sooty mold might affect the growth of your Confederate Jasmine. The mold blocks sunlight and halts photosynthesis. So, make sure to rinse off the leaves to avoid this. Use neem oil to prevent molds.

Pests

Keep pests like mealy bugs at bay using cotton buds dipped in alcohol. These pests strip off the sap from leaves, leaving them susceptible to damage.

Safety From Pets

Lastly, if you plan to plant Confederate Jasmine, ensure you don’t have rabbits nearby. The rabbits eat the leaves leading to an unpleasant look.

How to Propagate Confederate Jasmine

By chopping off a section of the plant that is succulent but has no flowers, you can propagate your plant. The clipped piece should be planted upright in a soil that drains properly as the final stage. It is ready for transplantation 6 to 7 weeks later. After the procedure, give the young plant lots of water to care for it.

Why Should You Grow Confederate Jasmine?

If you are looking for a way to beautify your garden without worrying about fancy maintenance, Confederate Jasmine might be the thing. Its shape and colors are unique and beautiful. Apart from that, this plant gives off a beautiful fragrance.

People also extract valuable oil from the plant, and most companies use its oil in perfumes which they obtain from distilled or tinctured flowers.

The plant is also popular in the field of medicine where the stem is helpful in treating rheumatism and injury.

Facts About the Confederate Jasmine

How Big Does the Plant Get?

The fully mature plant can grow up to 20 feet with support. However, without good support, it grows as a shrub or a groundcover up to 1.5 to 2 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide.

What Is Confederate Jasmine Good For?

Regarding ornamental plants, Confederate Jasmine is one of the best options. Moreover, the plant has proved important in improving the health of aged people and treating some mild diseases.

Is Star Jasmine Poisonous?

Not at all, they are very safe for gardeners.

Is Confederate Jasmine Poisonous to Pets?

Since none of the plant’s components are poisonous, your pet won’t react negatively if it accidentally chews on a leaf or stem.

How Fast Does Confederate Jasmine Grow?

This plant has one of the quickest rates of growth, reaching heights of up to 2 meters every year. The root system has experienced the most growth.

Common FAQs

How much light does Confederate Jasmine need?

At least 8 hours of exposure to sunlight is necessary for Confederate Jasmine to grow. Less time duration will lead to slow growth and fewer plant flowers.

What is special about Confederate Jasmine?

A unique feature that sets this plant apart is its pleasant scent. It grows fast and requires minimum maintenance. Furthermore, adding these plants to your garden will make it look more appealing.

Are star Jasmines good indoor plants?

Star Jasmines can be kept indoors but make sure the sunlight it requires is not compromised. They are rather simple to grow in a pot, but make sure it is kept in a sunny location.

Can Confederate Jasmine survive in low light?

These plants bloom well in full sunlight. Although they can survive in low light, their growth will be hampered by the absence of adequate sunshine. Moreover, the flowers die out due to continuous deficiency of adequate sunlight.

Why doesn’t Confederate Jasmine grow? 

When all the prerequisites are met, these plants grow quickly. But occasionally, you can notice your confederate growing slowly or even ceasing to grow altogether. One of the causes can be that it is not getting enough sunlight. In addition, you can be using entirely too much nitrogen fertilizer. Finally, ensure you are providing enough water for the plant.

Summary

As you can see, the Confederate Jasmine is a versatile plant. The main feature that adds to the plant’s charm is its sweet-scented flowers with broad, glossy leaves. On top of that, these plants are really easy to grow in a short period with little to no maintenance.  With the above provided short guide for maintenance, you can grow your Confederate Jasmine and take the charm of your garden to the next level.

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